Balkanization of Congo

Western pharmacies do not an obsession that dates back to the Berlin Conference of 1885. From their point of view, the DRC, like some African countries targeted should be disbanded and its boundaries redefined. Vigilance!

The idea gained ground. The redefinition of the apostles (by whom?) African borders inherited from colonization have thick skin. On 28 April, the very serious Foreign Policy Magazine has published a stone in this direction since the United States of America.

Referring to the thundering declarations of Colonel Gaddafi, the Libyan head of state, urging Nigeria to resolve the recurring conflict interreligious by substituting the present-day Nigeria by two separate states: one Muslim north and the other Christian south . Gaddafi even advocated the creation of three or four new states. He thus opened a Pandora's box and gave grist to the prophets of the balkanization of Africa. We know the reaction of Abuja to Tripoli. The adventure of the State of Biafra in the 1960s, haunted minds.

Challenging the sacrosanct principle of the inviolability of borders inherited from colonization, it is theoretically get back on the founding fathers of the African Union and we think their successors. Only here. One thing is to wave the principle and another to tread the supremely foot. Example: the future development of Sudan - probably in the year 2011 - and the possible advent of a state in southern Sudan are they not backed by the African elites themselves? The African Union is it neutral or voiceless?

And yet, supporters of the balkanization calling for the dismemberment of some states targeted for allegedly providing development opportunities to people who are neglected by the central authorities.

A compost Claims

In the same way they have collaborated with the disappearance of Yugoslavia in Europe, in the same manner that encourages the erection of new States from the ashes of states known as "weak" or "insufficiently governed." Somalia has fallen into the hands. But afterwards? Less desirable in any case.

The Foreign Policy Magazine analyst also believes that interfaith and intercommunal conflicts provide fertile ground for separatist claims. Simply add the proximity of natural resources of some importance to whet the appetites of independence, encouragement and activism of multinational arms dealers.

The analyst also believes that the principle of the inviolability of borders inherited from colonization is an obstacle to the emergence of strong states, viable and respectable. It considers, in conclusion, that the well-being, stability and economic growth in Africa is affected by the redefinition of existing borders. In short, the balkanization of certain countries.

Scale test, the referendum of January 2011 in Sudan will assess the credibility of African elites, both political and intellectual. All seem to have succumbed to the smoke and mirrors. Because there is no evidence objectively, as claimed by the "Balkanization" that the stability of Africa could come from the division and dismemberment of existing states.

Darker is the fate of the DRC in the magazine. The author, G. Pascal Zachary, reveals that the country of Lumumba and Kasavubu is in the top of those affected by the process of balkanization.

For the DRC, it will not be the first time. The country has experienced in its history of other experiences of destabilization. The secession attempt in June and July 1960 by Moise Tshombe in Katanga and Albert Kalondji Mulopwe South Kasai had been quelled. That of the "Nationalists" who roamed the Eastern Province had flop.

A pragmatic approach

But determined, the demons have returned to the office in 1998 using, first Banyamulenge whom they then joined new head of Turkey from other provinces of the Republic. The armistice was signed in Sun City (South Africa) in 2003. Leaving in their wake a heavy slate after five years of civil war and foreign invasion: almost five million dead, tens of billions of dollars of natural resources plundered and destroyed infrastructure.

Without polemics or analyst with Foreign Policy Magazine, nor with his blower belt in the shade, potential claims that such an initiative should be sophisticated enough to extract the accession of all 70 million Congolese. We saw: mayonnaise has always taken in areas where people feel the pain of living together, where they blame each other. Or where they are cold vis-a-vis the rulers. However, all these factors are not found together significantly in geographic space Congo.

This does not really constitute a guarantee for the present and the future. It is therefore important that the government pays attention to factors that destabilized or threaten to destabilize the states. There is an urgent need to make adjustments necessary to create and maintain national cohesion. And he invests in the economic and social progress of populations. Impartially. Without any discrimination.

In addition, the government must be careful to observe naively what happens elsewhere in the neighborhood. To avert the implosion announced it would greatly benefit from a pragmatic approach in choosing its partners in the choice of its political and diplomatic. This is the price that could be further delayed the threat of balkanization of the country.

In terms of balkanization of Africa, Western experts who are responsible for the file have already exercised their options. Indeed, Sudan and the DRC are well placed, certainly in terms of area, to serve as a testing ground for this revised and corrected version of the script there is mounted over a century at the Berlin conference. But the West forgets that the realities are not the same as those that prevailed during the partition of Africa between the superpowers of the time.

Although young, mostly African states have forged an identity. In fifty years of independence, they have established an elite able to confront the West. Also, is it not strong evidence that the pill of balkanization will gently into the African mind as was the case in Berlin in the late 19th century. And in this regard, the DRC still packed a series of exceptions that give more specificity compared to its northern neighbor. Because after all the tensions in its eastern part, the country has demonstrated to the face of the world's level of resistance to any form of partition. For a decade, the Congolese people living under the specter of balkanization. In return, he multiplied strategies to overcome any ideology which would tend to divide its territory. Helped by the emergence of an elite and more conscious of a very committed civil society. But also by new information technologies, including the Internet, which enables him wherever he is to know at the minute, what's going against his country.

Between Sudan and the DRC, so there is no common measure. What has been tried in Sudan, although it is not yet developed, should not be extrapolated as easily in the DRC. Holed up in their ivory towers, Western experts should review their analysis of ideas. The European Union is growing every day, States of America launched the NAFTA is that the world tightens its links and tends to become a global village. This is alert and opposition for supporting embedded bakanisateurs, absurdly, that Africa can not develop in breaking into small pieces or dwarf states.

By Le Potentiel

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